Margins and spacings are
important to the appearance of your
To work out the correct hight of your letters, you can create a template. The blue squares above represent the width of your nib size x 10.
Depending on the font style of your Calligraphy, you can divide the ten sections with lines to determine the size of the ascenders, descenders and the body of your letters.
You can rule faint lines in pencil which are easy to erase once your work is completed. Or rule black ink lines on a seperate sheet of paper and lay it under the sheet you are working on.
Leaving one letter space between words is the usual rule. Try and keep your work evenly spaced - too tight a spacing makes the script look like it has dark patches through out.
Generous margins usualy look much better and give you space for decorations if you choose to include them.
In general Calligraphy refers to a style of writing in which the the width of various parts of a letter differ.
When normal pens, pencils or brushes are used these varying widths are the result of varying presures - light on the up-stroke - heavier on the down stroke.
With flat or commonly termed broad pens, pencils or brushes, the variation in thickness are controled by the variation of the angle at which the pen is held in relationship to the direction of the stroke.
The idea is to keep the angle of the pen constant in relationship to the base line for consistant lettering. On occasion it is neecessary to change the angle of the pen to obtain thinner or thicker strokes. The degree of the angle will determine the result. Never push the pen , always pull the pen towards you.
An easy way to experiment with letter forms is to tape two pencils together and draw the letters to produce skeletal shapes.